There are some aspects regarding the condition that can develop throughout pregnancy that women should be aware of.
Any time during a pregnancy, elevated blood sugar can become gestational diabetes. The second or third trimester is when it is most likely to happen, and it normally goes away after giving birth.
It occurs when the body is unable to generate the additional insulin required by the growing baby. It’s often not a problem, but occasionally it could pose problems for the lady and her unborn child both throughout pregnancy and after delivery, according to the NHS.
If it is identified early and treated effectively, the likelihood of any issues is reduced. If they believe she is at risk, the lady will undergo screening for the condition following her first prenatal visit.
If the midwife feels the expecting mother is at risk, she will screen her for the condition following her first prenatal visit. An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), which is performed when the lady is between 24 and 28 weeks pregnant, takes about two hours to complete.
It includes taking a blood test first thing in the morning while fasting. She then receives a drink with glucose.
A second blood sample is drawn two hours later to assess her body’s response to the glucose.
Since gestational diabetes typically exhibits no symptoms, it might be difficult to diagnose. If blood sugar levels become too high, some women may experience symptoms including increased thirst, dry mouth, increased urination, fatigue, impaired vision, vaginal itching, or thrush.
Since the majority of these symptoms might arise during pregnancy, it’s crucial to discuss them with her midwife if there is any reason for worry.
Gestational diabetes can affect any pregnant woman, although there are certain risk factors. They consist of certain identified cases which include
Women over 40; Women who previously experienced gestational diabetes during a pregnancy; Women whose body mass index (BMI) is greater than 30; Women who previously gave birth to a child weighing 4.5 kg (10 lb) or more; Parents or siblings with diabetes; People of South Asian, Black, African-Caribbean, or Middle Eastern descent (even if they were born in the UK); and People who have undergone gastric bypass surgery or other weight-loss surgery
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